5 surprising facts about African grey parrots

5 surprising facts about African grey parrots



It's World Parrot Day today! To celebrate, let's take a closer look at African grey parrots and their complex social lives in the wild. Discover their active nature and see why they're so extraordinary!

African grey parrots are beautiful, majestic wild animals. They are also among the most popular bird species kept as a pet in Europe, the USA and the Middle East where they are seen as an attractive pet due to their long life, ability to mimic human speech and overall intelligence. 

Sadly, up to 21% of the wild African grey parrot population is poached each year to supply the illegal wildlife trade, driven by the demand for "exotic pets." African grey parrots are native to west and central Africa and are happiest in their natural habitat, not in a cage.

To raise awareness about these remarkable birds and the amazing behaviors they display in their natural habitat, we want to share some of our favorite facts about these truly surprising creatures, where they rightfully belong.

African grey parrots have an extremely long lifespan – they live an average of 60 years, with some birds reaching 80 years old! Because they have such long lives, they often outlive their human owners, meaning that they may have to go through traumatic rehoming several times in their life.


Image: an African grey parrot in the wild. Photo credit: Jurgen & Christine Sohns / Getty Images

African grey parrots are very smart

These parrots are among the world’s most intelligent animals. Fully grown African greys have shown in some research samples to have the same intelligence level as a toddler. Research has also found that they can identify, request, refuse, categorize, and quantify more than 80 different objects, and respond to questions of concerning concepts of colour and shape.


Image: an African grey parrot in the wild. Photo credit: Nature's Gifts Captured / Getty Images

They love a good flight

In their natural habitat, African grey parrots can travel up to 10 kilometres a day. No domestic setting can match flying free through the luscious African forest!


Image: an African grey parrot in the wild. Photo credit: Michele D'Amico / Getty Images

They're monogamous 

This species of parrot is monogamous, which means that they only mate with one companion at a time. In nature, they also display behaviours such as bi-parental care (both parents look after their little chicks) and show altruistic behaviours such as grooming each other and regurgitating food to feed others (a bit gross, but it’s a sweet gesture!).


Image: two African grey parrots in the wild. Photo credit: World Animal Protection

They have busy social lives

Wild African grey parrots are highly social and nest in large groups, containing thousands of individuals, comprising of small family groups. This species manages complex social relationships and cooperate with other members of the group. When kept as pets, their need for social interaction isn’t met, so the birds often get stressed and display self-harming behaviour, like ripping out their own feathers.

Pictured: An African Grey Parrot in the wild

Image: an African grey parrot in the wild. Photo credit: World Animal Protection

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