10 year-old girl attacked by dolphins - the dangers of wild animal interactions
The tourism industry has painted dolphins as smiling playmates. But what dangers does the captive dolphin industry pose to humans - and animals?
The country was shocked by the tragic news that a 10-year old British girl was attacked by captive dolphins while on a "swimming with dolphins" experience sold by travel giant TUI. Luckily, the girl survived, although she was left with several cuts, bruises and bite marks.
The two dolphins, who are held captive in a closed-off area of sea (also known as a sea pen) at Dolphin Discovery in Cancun (Mexico), bit and dragged the girl underwater, to the horror of the trainers and her mother who was watching close by.
Many tourist venues sell close-contact interactions with dolphins, describing them as family-friendly, magical moments. Animal-loving tourists book these experiences with good intentions and don't realise the hidden risk and cruelty that these businesses are profiting from.
Attacks are more common than you think
Encouraging the image of dolphins as benign, smiling playmates, the industry ignores their predatory nature. These complex hunters are capable of inflicting serious injuries upon each other and humans. Dolphins at swim-with attractions have been known to seriously hurt humans by butting them. The resulting injuries have included lacerations and broken bones. Even contact with dolphins outside of the water can result in bite injuries, as the many incidents of children being bitten during feeding interactions demonstrate.
The venues know about the risks humans face when interacting with dolphins. The liability release forms at marine mammal entertainment venues highlight this, using clear language to indemnify the venue and its employees against lawsuits pertaining to the injury or death of participants.
Not even trainers are safe
At Loro Parque in Tenerife, staff who do ’water work’ with dolphins, ie, enter the water with them, carry a cylinder of five minutes’ worth of air to be used in emergencies. This highlights the inherent risks involved in working in the water with dolphins. The safe, ‘family-friendly’ atmosphere that venues such as this strive to portray is in sharp contrast to the need for trainers to carry oxygen in case they are dragged underwater by the animals.
Dolphins are extremely distressed
In tourist venues, dolphins are confined to tanks or pens 200,000 times smaller than their natural habitat range in the ocean - and these man-made tanks are a far cry from the rich diversity of plants and other animals they would encounter in the wild. Dolphins are trapped in environments where they're unable to behave naturally, and often trained through food deprivation. These are only some of the reasons these animals silently suffer when trapped in the tourist entertainment industry. Our recent Behind The Smile report shines a light on the lies that the multi-billion captive dolphin entertainment industry has been telling tourists for years, manipulating the image of the "happy dolphin" to cash in on a business that is cruel to dolphins and dangerous to humans.
Nick Stewart, our Wildlife Campaigns Manager, said:
“This is a tragic example of how support for this cruel industry by travel companies like TUI Group and Expedia Group also puts customers at risk. Dolphins are large and powerful marine predators and interacting with them poses serious health and safety concerns for both people and animals. This is not the first time this has happened. Dolphins at swim-with attractions have been known to seriously hurt humans by butting them and the resulting injuries have included lacerations and broken bones. Dolphins are wild animals, not playthings and not entertainers as the misinformation from this inhumane industry would have the public believe”.
We are deeply saddened that the little girl and her family had to go through this horrific tragedy, and we hope that she makes a speedy recovery. Meanwhile, travel companies like Expedia Group and TUI continue to profit from dolphin venues offering swimming with dolphins.
How you can help dolphins
There are no winners in the captive dolphin industry, except for the venues and travel companies who are lining their pockets by misleading tourists. It's time to put an end to this: we are campaigning to make this the last generation of dolphins in captivity.
We are moving travel giants to stop selling tickets to these cruel, misleading venues - Tripadvisor, British Airways Holidays, Booking.com and Virgin Holidays have already joined us. Despite the 200,000+ signatures on our petition, Expedia Group is still not ready to take captive dolphin attractions off of sale.
Please help us keep the pressure on them by signing and sharing our petition.